Australian Shepherd Dog. Australian Shepherds rose in popularity with a boom in Western riding after World War II. In general, weekly brushing sessions will keep the Australian Shepherd’s waterproof, double-layer coat looking its best. In the United States and Canada, the standard calls for a natural bob or docked tail not to exceed four inches as a defining characteristic. The Australian Shepherd requires an inordinate amount of exercise. The dogs instinctively use a "pounce" position to deal with cattle trying to kick them. Legs straight and strong. Recognized Aussie colors are solid black, solid red (liver), blue merle, and red/liver merle;[9] each of these colors may also have copper (tan) points or white markings in various combinations on the face, chest, and legs. $ 250 . Australian Shepherd Association of NSW Inc Enjoying and Promoting the Australian Shepherd in NSW Red (liver) with or without copper points or white markings on the face, collar, legs, chest, underbelly - either white or copper points are required. Many tests have been developed by, or are processed at, laboratories to check for the 11 health concerns that plague the Australian Shepherd breed. Overall size should be in proportion to the body. Hair is of medium texture, straight to wavy, weather resistant and of medium length. Some Australian Shepherds (as well as Collies, German Shepherds, and many other herding dogs) are susceptible to a genetic mutation of the MDR1 gene. Because of this, they are popularly used as trail and working dogs. Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Recommended Health Tests from the National Breed Club: Read the Official Breed Club Health Statement. Results of a 1998 internet survey with a sample size of 614 Australian Shepherds indicated a median longevity around 12.5 years, but that longevity may be declining.[25]. Australian shepherds are known to be high energy dogs. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage. Backs of forelegs and britches are moderately feathered. They need space to run and play in an urban setting. [19], Australian Shepherds are generally a pretty healthy breed, but they can have several health problems. A black or red dog with copper and white trim is called 'tricolor' or 'tri', while a black or red dog with white trim but no copper is called 'bicolor' or 'bi'. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times. For this reason, the Aussie is often chosen to work unusual livestock such as ducks, geese, and commercially raised rabbits. In addition, an emergence of an even smaller version occurred, referred to as the Toy Australian Shepherd, with adult males weighing 12–15 pounds (5.5–7 kg) and all dogs falling under a 14-inch height at the withers. Loss of hearing is directly linked to the amount of pigmentation cells a dog has. [17] The breed was developed to serve on the ranch,[18] a job which includes being protective of its property. This new breed gained acceptance into the AKC Miscellaneous class in June 2012 with the sizes written in the standard as females from 13–17 inches and males from 14–18 inches. Australian Shepherds are not recommended for apartment dwelling. They thrive on running, herding, playing, and all family activities. Black tri, with copper points, white markings, or both on the face, collar, legs, chest, underbelly - solid black dogs are equally desirable as ones with copper or white. During this period an undercoat rake can be used every two or three days to remove the abundant dead hair, followed by a cleanup with the wire brush. Based on a sample of 48 still-living dogs, the most common health concerns noted by owners were eye problems (red eye, epiphora, conjunctivitis, and cataracts). Their stunts and skills earned them places in several Disney films, including Run Appaloosa Run and Stub: The Greatest Cowdog in the West. He has a coat of moderate length and coarseness. The underline shows a moderate tuck-up. Mason is a 3 year old pure bred blue merle Australian shepherd NBT. The Standard Australian Shepherd is over 18” tall. Rear dewclaws must be removed. We have plenty of opportunities to get involved in your local community, thanks to AKC Breed Clubs located in every state, and more than 450 AKC Rescue Network groups across the country. [35][36][18] What is known is that it developed in western North America in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Many folks believe that the Australian Shepherd originates from Australia due to their name. When Basque sheep farmers who had lived in Australia came to the United States in the 1800s, their intelligent, alert, and hardworking dogs became known as Australian Shepherds. Due to the contrast between eye problems and blue eyes, eye conditions in blue-eyed dogs are much easier to spot.[16]. As with all breeds, the Aussie‘s nails should be trimmed regularly. These brainiacs may hoodwink novice owners. [29] A test is available to determine if a particular dog carries the mutated gene. Solid Merle dogs are equally desirable as ones with copper or white. In the early 1800s, Australia’s Anglo émigrés began a push into the continent’s vast interior in search of rich pastureland for cattle ranching. Fortunately, that loyalty combined with the breed’s keen intelligence and high energy makes them very easy to train. [12][40] An Australian shepherd was featured in the film Flight of the Navigator (1986) and the TV series Flash Forward (1996). Browse 3,753 australian shepherd stock photos and images available, or search for australian shepherd puppy or mini australian shepherd to find more great stock photos and pictures. Many diagnostic tests are available for concerned Aussie owners to check the overall health of a dog. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. The Australian Shepherd was a particularly tireless sheep herder in the Rocky Mountains because it is relatively unaffected by altitude. All black and blue merle dogs have black noses, eye rims, and lips. AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. [14] Double merles often have excessive light or white areas and can have hearing and vision problems as a result of having two copies of the merle gene. He has a beautiful smooth coat with an extremely friendly temperament. Australian Shepherds need roughly 30 to 60 minutes of exercise a day, preferably with high-energy activities like playing Frisbee. While the Mini size can be attained through selective breeding of small Australian Shepherds, the Toy size is typically a result of cross breeding with other toy breeds. In general, however, black Aussies (self, bi-color, or tri-color) tend to have brown eyes, while red (self, bi-color, or tri-color) Aussies tend to have amber eyes, though these Aussies may also carry the blue-eyed gene. These dogs usually have a mostly white coat and blue irises and are often deaf, blind, or both. Front dewclaws may be removed. Audio impairment or deafness usually develops after the birth of a puppy with their ear canal still closed. It is great with active children. This breed is a medium-sized, short-coated dog that occurs in two main colour forms.It has either brown or black hair distributed fairly evenly through a white coat, which gives the appearance of a "red" or "blue" dog. [9][16] An Australian Shepherd enjoys working, whether it is learning and practicing tricks, competing in dog agility, or engaging in any other physically and mentally involving activity.[17]. [31], Double merle or homozygous merle occurs when the offspring of two merled parents inherit two copies of the dominant merle gene. Aussies are generally healthy dogs, and a responsible breeder will test breeding stock for health concerns such as hip dysplasia, epilepsy, cataracts and certain forms of cancer.  An Aussie’s ears should be checked regularly to remove foreign matter and avoid a buildup of wax, and his teeth should be brushed regularly. The Australian Shepherd is an intelligent, clever and devoted dog breed. Males generally are taller and heavier than females. A high-energy, athletic dog, the Aussie needs a great deal of exercise on a daily basis. For many years, Aussies have been valued by stockmen for their versatility and trainability. [38], Selective breeding for many generations focused on aspects of the dog that enabled it to function as an effective stockdog in the American West. The undercoat varies in quantity with variations in climate. Australian shepherds are energetic dogs that require daily exercise and regular grooming. At minimum, he should have a large, fenced-in yard to run around in for at least an hour or two daily. Shoulder blades are long, flat, fairly close set at the withers and well laid back. Tests should also include those for thyroidism and clearances for other known eye diseases like colobomas, progressive retinal atrophy, and retinal folds. The Australian Shepherds wear in smooth, balanced, and ground-covering as the dog moves easily from side to side at the back of the stock, keeping his herd or flock together and moving forward. Many are still happily herding in the American West, others earn their feed as rodeo performers, and still others of this exuberantly versatile breed work as therapy dogs, drug detectors, service dogs, and search-and-rescue dogs. Tests or evaluations have been developed for: Other areas that are currently not health concerns, but tests have been developed for, are: DNA testing to either certify parentage or to verify parentage) for Australian Shepherds can be performed, and as of January 2010, all adults producing a litter will be required to be DNA tested to allow a breeder to register a litter with the Australian Shepherd Club of America (ASCA). In 2010, NAMASCUSA renamed the breed Miniature American Shepherds and subsequently changed their name to MASCUSA, The Miniature American Shepherd Club of the USA. The United States Australian Shepherd Association has been the AKC Parent Club representing the Australian Shepherd since 1990. If you plan to purchase an Australian shepherd for your family, be sure you can provide for the needs of a dog of this active breed before bringing one home. An early nickname for the breed was "ghost-eye dog". Australian Shepherd. But unless they’ve gotten into a particularly messy situation, they require a bath only occasionally. AKC Marketplace is the only site to exclusively list 100% AKC puppies from AKC-Registered litters and the breeders who have cared for and raised these puppies are required to follow rules and regulations established by the AKC. [33][16] Many consider the term "lethal white" to be derogatory.[34]. Together, these provide four coat-color aspects that can appear in any combination:[12]. The Australian Shepherd, the cowboy’s herding dog of choice, is a medium-sized worker with a keen, penetrating gaze in the eye. The preceding forebears of the foundation dogs likely had several sources, but were primarily UK rural landrace herding collies of various types and/or regions. Aussies are remarkably intelligent, quite capable of hoodwinking an unsuspecting novice owner. Ranchers in Boulder, Colorado, began breeding the dogs which would attract purchasers from as far west as California for their legendary sheep-herding abilities. They grow up to 18 inches tall and weigh up to 40lbs as adults. Too many people acquire this breed because of its athletic prowess and intelligence, but don't provide enough opportunities for the dog to vent his energy and do interesting things. 90 44 48. If you are just keeping an Australian shepherd as a pet and not as a work dog, you will need to give them lots of exercise to keep them happy and healthy. Other conditions of note include iris coloboma, canine hip dysplasia, Pelger-Huet anomaly, hypothyroidism, and nasal solar dermatitis. Australian Shepherd Dog. Teaching them tricks keeps them focused and happy, which also keeps their minds working. Australian Shepherds were bred to be working dogs – not simply pets to hang around the house or backyard. Pads are thick and resilient. The Australian Shepherd has a reputation as a highly intelligent and versatile stock dog with a range of working styles. The Australian Shepherd's history is vague, as is the reason for its misleading name. [9] Like many working breeds,[10] Aussies have considerable energy and drive. Aussies might have … While they continue to work as stock dogs and compete in herding trials, they have earned recognition in other roles due to their trainability and eagerness to please and are highly regarded for their skills in obedience. The wide variety of color combinations comes from the interaction between the color allele, which is either black (B) dominant or red (b) recessive, and the dominant merle allele (M). The Miniature Australian Shepherd was developed by breeders looking for smaller dogs ranging in size from 14 inches to the Aussie standard. In merle-to-merle breeding, the puppies that have inherited two copies of the merle gene have an increased risk of being born blind or deaf. Aussie coats offer different looks, including merle (a mottled pattern with contrasting shades of blue or red). [3] The preceding forebears of the foundation dogs likely had several sources, but were primarily UK rural landrace herding collies of various types and/or regions. Australian Shepherd information including pictures, training, behavior, and care of Aussies and dog breed mixes. https://www.akc.org/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php, https://www.akc.org/subscription/thank-you. All rights reserved. [30], Hip dysplasia is a heritable condition where the femur does not fit securely in the pelvic socket of the hip joint. During shedding season, though, more work will be required. United States Australian Shepherd Association. The Australian Shepherd, often known simply as the "Aussie", is a medium-sized breed of dog that was developed in the United States, and identified as a breed in the early 20th century. But if you’re looking for a brainy, tireless, and trainable partner for work or sport, your search might end here. The head is clean cut, strong and dry. The Australian Shepherd, the cowboy’s herding dog of choice, is a medium-sized worker with a keen, penetrating gaze in the eye. 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