( Log Out /  Dried peas are built to last and can be stored for years in a cool, dry and preferably dark space. Given their critical role as subsistence food for many poor people and livestock, some culinary historians say that field peas once thrived on poverty. But once you get the differences clear, you will probably want to grow some of each. An English pea has a waxier, more fibrous pod. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. When exactly peas were first discovered remains a mystery; however, there have been many speculations which suggest possible origins, including Middle Asia, specifically Burma and Thailand with expansion to Afghanistan, the eastern rim of the Mediterranean basin, and the mountainous and plateau ranges of Ethiopia. What’s the Difference Between a Garden Pea and a Snow Pea? They are … What is the difference between field peas and garden peas? Both types commonly have a “string”: a fiber running along the top of the pod from base to tip. All stages are edible, from the blossoms to the immature pods, called snaps, to the mature pods full of peas and the overly mature pods full of dried peas. Pea (garden pea) on the left, snow pea on the right. They provide more than 65 percent of the daily value for fiber. Peas being more delicate are usually frozen because they spoil a lot faster than beans. Fresh, juicy and sweet, they are plump and perfect for munching straight from the pod. In China, though, it became the standard form of pea. In the kitchen, there’s a marked difference between how beans and peas are handled. Change ). They are usually considered separate because of their shape. Field peas are similar in flavor and texture to blackeye peas and are ideal for soul food dishes. https://www.camelliabrand.com/southern-love-3-different-peas-1-perfect-recipe Dried peas and green peas are basically derived from the same plant and hold the same characteristics, but to a point. sativum), also known as English peas, are the most common kind of pea plant. They’re what we’d call the garden pea today, or just pea (P. sativum sativum). Snow peas are another type of peas with edible pods. Although they may seem a separate type of food from the other dried items in your pantry, peas are in the same family as beans and legumes. It wasn’t until the 19th century, when good canning and freezing processes were developed, that it became a vegetable of the people and common in home gardens. And which is the better choice for a small vegetable garden? You really have to pick snow peas very early, when the pod is ultra-slim, otherwise it becomes leathery, while snap pea pods can be harvested at any stage from very young and slim quite thick and even a bit lumpy, giving you a two-week period during which you can pick them. They may have a vining habit to an erect habit. They are usually called field peas with snaps. Peas are spherical, which sets the legumes apart from their legume cousins. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. For most of those thousands of years, farmers grew peas for their dried seeds, what we would these days call shelling peas, field peas or dry peas (P. sativum arvense). Garden Peas: These are peas you typically see canned or in the frozen section. However, there are now stringless varieties available. They are also more commonly found in farmers markets. They come in category of green vegetables; what we call as "matar" in Hindi. Black eyed peas are a field pea. Containing more sugar and less starch than shelling peas, the garden pea was long considered a luxury vegetable destined strictly for the tables of the elite, with a short harvest window limited to the spring months. Garden Pea A dish of steamed garden peas Garden peas (Pisum sativum var. And which is the better choice for a small vegetable garden? The article will exist below. Once the inedible shell was removed, a porridge (remember pease porridge from the nursery rhyme?) You decide! Split green peas are a field pea variety that is grown specifically for being dried and split. Nowadays, however, most gardeners seem to opt for snow peas or snap peas simply because they’re easier to prepare. All are easy to grow, as long as they are sown when the soil is still cool and nights won’t be too hot for the next two months or so. Each goes by multiple names, making the choice all the more confusing. Mature seeds are higher in starch and make a better dried pea. I just put on a pot of split pea soup with ham, made with the usual green split peas, and found a bag of yellow split peas in my pantry that I got at a food show last spring. The sweet pea isn’t a pea at all—in fact, the seeds of the sweet pea plant are toxic and not edible! The sugar pea or edible-podded pea (P. sativum macrocarpon) results from a mutation involving two recessive genes. Split peas require a little more work. The field pea ( Pisum sativum ) is a cool-season crop grown for its mature dried edible seed s , which can be marketed whole or split or ground into flour. Although high in fiber, dried peas also offer protein, iron, vitamin C and B vitamins. The pod is harvested immature, when the seed is still small. Steamed fresh peas have a bit of bite when cooked properly, and are a far cry from the variety that becomes dried peas. Why is Green Peas better than Chickpeas (Garbanzo Beans, Bengal Gram)? They are literally like two peas in a pod with a few minor differences. ( Log Out /  Today there are several subspecies of peas, including garden peas, snow peas, snap peas and field peas. Crowder peas will always be called Crowder peas on the package. To make things more confusing for the average home cook , some peas can be eaten raw while others should be cooked. ( Log Out /  To be clear, there is nothing wrong with the garden pea, far from it. Closely related to the garden pea, field peas are annual plants. Fresh peas can be enjoyed raw or steamed to soften. But not all peas are taken from their pods to eat as some pods are actually edible. A snap pea, on the other hand, has an edible shell that is less fibrous. To see if there is a difference, we tasted each type with butter. There are basically three types of peas: English peas, snow peas, and sugar snap peas. The peas have to be shelled, that is, the pod has to be removed, because a tough, indigestible inner membrane called the parchment lines the inside of the pods. There is no difference in nutrient content between green and yellow peas, but there may be small differences between some pea varieties—mainly due to differences in the size of the pea and the thick-ness of the hull. Fresh peas can only be kept cool and crisp in the refrigerator for just a few days before they begin to lose their firm, fibrous structure. A Whole Foods Market Customer July 28, 2011 Question: Can you explain the difference between a pea and a snow pea? Also, snap peas may be seen as just a bit easier to grow than snow peas, simply because their harvest window is longer. Dried peas were easy to store in view of the upcoming winter and became, in many cultures, a staple food for humans … and for livestock. The crowder pea variety gets its name from the way its peas crowd themselves in the pod. It wasn’t until the 1970s that its use really caught on in Europe and North America, under the influence of oriental cuisine. In fact, at harvest time, a snap pea pod looks physically very much like a garden pea pod. In its case, once the outer seed coat is removed, the two cotyledons can be separated, thus “split peas!” It too can be yellow or green. The main difference between Marrowfat peas and frozen peas is size and age. The small but mighty pea is a powerhouse of protein packed with disease-reducing vitamins and belly-filling proteins. The cool weather vegetable comes in many varieties. The snap pea or sugar snap pea can be harvested and eaten later in its maturation, when the pod is thick and rounded and the pea inside fairly large. We’ve always been big fans of frozen peas and have seen two varieties in the freezer aisle: regular frozen peas, and bags labeled "petite peas." To dry peas, they are harvested in the pod when they have reached full maturity, then dried. However, the membranous string running along the top of the pod should be removed before eating, in a process called "stringing." Garden Myth: Do You Really Need Activated Charcoal in Terrariums. It was not until the 17th century, during the reign of Louis XIV, that peas designed for fresh eating, apparently first imported from Italy, began to be grown in France, where the newcomer was called “petit pois” (little pea). Even though the plants that produce split peas and sweet peas are related, there are large differences. The main difference between an English pea and a snap pea can be found in the pod. Garden peas are also sometimes called sweet peas or English peas. You can boil or microwave the frozen or canned varieties to heat through. The isoflavones in dried peas are phytonutrients, which have been linked to a reduction in breast and prostate cancer risks. At this point, the seeds are well formed, but still immature and very sweet. The pods are firm and rounded, and the round peas inside need to removed, or shelled, before eating (the pods are discarded). After all, they are eaten as is, pod and all—by the way, they can be eaten directly off the plant, without cooking, if that’s your choice—, while you have to shell garden peas and shelling peas, an extra step. In the 3rd century BC, Theophrastus was … They may have a vining habit to an erect habit. However, regular, garden-variety peas are sometimes informally called sweet peas, so that is where the confusion stems from. 16.37% more proteins per 100g? It’s just not a mushy pea. Field peas are the South's most varied legume, but many cooks never venture past black-eyed peas and might not realize there are other choices. You have to harvest it very young, when the pod is still slim and the seeds inside are still tiny. Learn how your comment data is processed. The Difference Between Garden Peas, Snow Peas, and Sugar Snap Peas. As a vegetable, green peas are ready to go. 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