[69] Other major holy bodies are Hanuman Theertham, Sugreeva Theertham and Lakshmana Theertham. Abdul Kalam (1931-2015)", "Jayalalitha quotes literary evidence for Ramar bridge", "A tough task for candidates contesting from Ramanathapuram constituency", "Pamban Bridge to be pulled down for gauge conversion", "Their sentiment to metre gauge train is unfathomable", "India's second largest TV tower a white elephant", "Justice plays truant with Rameswaram fishers", "T'Nadu steps up security to check smuggling", "India plans measures to stop fishermen crossing IMBL", "Fishing ban ends, fishermen hope for a good catch", "As ban period comes to a close fishermen gear up for good haul", "Katchatheevu feast a huge draw this year", "Thousands of Tamils go on pilgrimage for the feast day of Saint Anthony", "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Rameswaram", "Census Info 2011 Final population totals", "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu", "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Pamban, India", "Valmiki Ramayan calls mythological bridge built by Rama as Setubandhanam", "Schwartzberg Atlas – Digital South Asia Library", "Salient Features of Rameswaram Municipality", "Commissionerate of Municipal Administration", "S.E.T.C. Up until mid-2017, the only way to reach Dhanushkodi was to drive across the sand. The Ramanathaswamy Temple, dedicated to Shiva, is at the centre of the town and is closely associated with Rama. [25] The Ramayana attributes the building of this bridge to Rama in verse 2-22-76, naming it as Setubandhanam. Kathadi North is more upmarket, with cottages that have open-air bathrooms and gardens. The average literacy of the town was 73.36%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. A popular belief is that, Dhanushkodi is where Vibishana, a brother of Ravana surrendered before Rama in the epic Ramayana. The railroad bridge is a double-leaf bascule bridge section that can be raised to let ships pass under it . [87][87][88] The number of pilgrims for the 2012 function crossed 4,000, the largest attendance in the past two decades. There are 4 ways to get from Rameswaram to Thiruchendur Murugan temple by bus, night train, train, taxi or car. [3] Bathing in these tanks is a major aspect of the pilgrimage to Rameswaram and is considered equivalent to penance. Chitrangudi and Kanjirankulam sanctuaries are also worth visiting on the mainland. A few organisations are opposing the dredging of Ramasethu on religious, environmental and economical grounds. After 1947, the town became a part of Independent India. Mudukulathur taluk is a taluk of Ramanathapuram district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. [19] The region then fell under the rule of different leaders Chanda Sahib (1740 – 1754 CE), Arcot Nawab and Muhammed Yusuf Khan (1725 – 1764 CE) in the middle of the 18th century. [16][17][18] He erected a mosque by name Alia al-Din Khaldji in honour of victory of Islam. Vivekananda vidyalaya Matriculation School( which provide excellent education in the island and secure district and state level ranks in board exams frequently), St. Joseph Higher Secondary School, Mandapam Panchayat Union 9 – School, Micro Matriculation School, Sri Sankara Vidhyalaya, Holy Island Little Flower School and Kendriya Vidhyalaya School. According to mythology, Lord Ram (the seventh incarnation of Vishnu) built a bridge from Rameshwaram to Sri Lanka to rescue his wife Sita from the evil clutches of demon king Ravan. According to the 2011 census, the taluk of Rameswaram had a population of 82.682 with 41.995 males and 40.687 females. The metre-gauge branch line from Pamban Junction to Dhanushkodi was abandoned after it was destroyed in a cyclone in 1964. It is in the Gulf of Mannar, at the tip of the Indian peninsula. Lord Agni (the fire god) also appeared there to convince Ram that Sita had been faithful to him while held captive by Ravan. There were 969 women for every 1000 men. Demographics . Dhanushkodi Tirtham is one of the Tirthas in the island of Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India. The beach of Rameswaram is featured with no waves at all – the sea waves rise to a maximum height of 3 cm (0.10 ft) and the view looks like a very big river. [37], India's renowned scientist and former President of India, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, was born in Rameswaram. Why? Bathing must be done in a set order, as directed by signs, starting at Agnitheertham first. After completion of bridge, metre-gauge lines were laid from Mandapam up to Pamban Station, from where the railway lines bifurcated into two directions, one towards Rameswaram about 6.25 miles (10.06 km) up and another branch line of 15 miles (24 km) terminating at Dhanushkodi. One is Pamban Rail Bridge, the oldest sea bridge in India. Geological evidence suggests that this bridge is a former land connection between India and Sri Lanka. The temple is open from 5 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 3 p.m. to 9 p.m. The temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga shrines, where Shiva is worshipped in the form of a Jyotirlinga meaning "pillar of light". [76] There are a total of 65,940 registered destitute Sri Lankan refugees dwelling in 129 Refugee camps situated in different parts of Tamil Nadu as of Apr 2000 and a majority of them enter via Rameswaram. It's believed that Sita bathed in the sea at that spot and offered prayers to Lord Shiva. It is on Pamban Island separated from mainland India by the Pamban channel and is about 40 kilometres from Mannar Island, Sri Lanka. This article is about the temple town. [73] The journey across the four cardinal points in India is considered sacred by Hindus who aspire to visit these temples once in their lifetime. [48], There are daily express trains connecting major cities in Tamil Nadu like Chennai, Madurai, Trichy and Coimbatore. Nature-lovers will be delighted to find a number of bird sanctuaries that can be visited on day trips from Rameshwaram. Mahashivratri, in February or March, is one of the temple's biggest festivals. [11] The second enclosure is ascribed to Chinna Udayar Sethupathy and his son Ragunatha Thirumalai (1500–1540 CE). [31] A total of 5,022 were under the age of six, constituting 2,544 males and 2,478 females. With 22 km (14 mi) of dredging remaining, the project is held from March 2010 by a Supreme Court order seeking the Central Government to clarify the status of the bridge as a national monument. [69] The Ramarpatham Temple is located on the hillock. Located in the centre of town, Ramanathaswamy Temple is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to the god Shiva. [50], Another focal point on the simmering tension between Indian and Sri Lankan governments is over the use of Kachchatheevu, an uninhabited island 15 km north of Rameswaram, belonging to Sri Lanka. The temple records record that Rama's Bridge was completely above sea level until it broke in a cyclone in 1480 CE. Tevaram, the 7th–8th century Tamil compositions on Shiva by the three prominent Nayanars (Saivites) namely Appar,[12] Sundarar and Thirugnanasambandar. It was reportedly passable on foot up to the 15th century until storms deepened the channel. Demographics . A train ride over the rail bridge is particularly exhilarating as it sits quite close to the sea—so low in fact, that the central part of the bridge opens to allow boats to pass. It’s one of the four sites of the Char Dham Yatra. Here are the Indian Railways trains that depart from Rameshwaram and arrive in Rameshwaram. [52] Limited foreign trade is conducted with Jaffna, Kaits, Talaimannar and Colombo. The legislative body is headed by an elected Chairperson assisted by a Deputy Chairperson. [11], There are sixty-four Tīrthas or Theerthams (holy water bodies) in and around Rameswaram. Rameshwaram also connects the Pamban Bridge to Tamil Nadu. [53] The Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation runs daily services connecting various cities to Rameswaram and operates a computerised reservation centre in the municipal bus stand of Rameswaram. 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[68][11] Large amount of money was spent during the tenure of Pradani Muthirulappa Pillai towards the restoration of the pagodas which were falling into ruins – the Chockattan Mantapam or the cloistered precincts of the temple was reconstructed by him. The summer season runs from April to September at Kathadi South, while the winter season is from December to March at Kathadi North. 84 + available buses, 30+ Operators from Chennai to Rameswaram. There are also railway tracks under the sand. Rameswaram has dry tropical climate with low humidity,[21] with average monthly rainfall of 75.73 mm (2.981 in),[21] mostly from North-East monsoon from October to January. According to the 2011 census, the taluk of Mudukulathur had a population of 113.361 with 56.464 males and 56.897 females. Rameshwaram is also a popular pilgrimage destination. The current Member of Parliament from the constituency is A. Anwhar Raajhaa from the AIADMK party. Arichamunai Bird Sanctuary, near Dhanushkodi, is closest to Rameshwaram. Best deals and offers on Muzaffarpur to Rameshwaram trip. [22], Ramsetu Bridge is a chain of limestone shoals, between Rameswaram and Mannar Island, off the northwestern coast of Sri Lanka. The temple has the longest corridor among all Hindu temples in India. There are many free Mudukulathur online dating and chat sites, but Loveawake is one worth finding. Now Mudukulathur to Chennai bus tickets booking online is made easy in Shri Bhagiyalakshimi Travels. The temple aorship Shiva, Rama wanted to have a lingam and directed his trusted lieutenant Hanuman to bring it from Himalayas. [29], According to 2011 census, Rameswaram had a population of 44,856 with a sex-ratio of 969 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. The best way to get from Muzaffarpur to Rameswaram is to train via Bhubaneshwar which takes 2 days 11h and costs ₹1,200 - ₹1,500. Read on to discover the top things to do in Rameshwaram. [14][3] The most notable of them are the contributions of Muthu Kumara Ragunatha and Muthu Ramalinga Sethupathi, who transformed the temple to an architectural ensemble. [49] There are express and passenger trains connecting to major destinations. Most of … Get best offers on Mudukulathur Bus ticket booking. [50], The Ramanathaswamy Temple is the most notable historic landmark of the town. Share. [87] Repeated allegations on attacks by the Lankan navy, which on many occasions killed Indian fishermen, prevented them from making it to the island. They stand together in the sea looking for food. [67] It is also one of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalam temples and is glorified in hymns by the three of the most revered Nayanar saints (7th century Saivite saints), Appar, Sundarar and Tirugnana Sambandar. The Sethupathis, the breakaway from Madurai Nayaks, ruled Ramanathapuram and contributed to the Ramanathaswamy temple. 5 Mudukulathur 48085 38 Mudukulathur 38 6 Kadaladi 61223 53 Kadaladi 53 7 Kamuthi 57847 49 Kamuthi 49 Total 408957 400 400 1.2 Basin and sub-basin The district is part of the composite east flowing river basin,“Between Gundar and Vaigai” as per the Irrigation Atlas of India. Unfortunately, photography is no longer allowed due to increased security. [64], Rameswaram comes under the Karaikudi Telecom circle of the Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), India's state-owned telecom and internet services provider. Rate and Write a Review. Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project proposes linking the Palk Bay and the Gulf of Mannar between India and Sri Lanka by creating a shipping canal through the shallow sea sometimes called Setu Samudram, and through the chain of islands variously known as Ram Sethu or the Rama's Bridge. Paramakudi City , Ramanathapuram City , Sivaganga City , Aruppukkottai City are the nearby Cities to Mudukulathur. [11] The contribution of the kings of the Sethupathy dynasty (17th century) to the temple was considerable. Free and no ads no need to download or install. Mudukulathur is a Block in Ramanathapuram District of Tamil Nadu State, India. Of the 24, 14 are in the form of tanks and wells within the precincts of the temple. Sharell Cook lives in Mumbai full-time and has been writing about India travel for TripSavvy since 2008. Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. [78] As of October 2006, an estimated 200,000 refugees have been reported in Mandapam Camp. Mode details. It is on Pamban Island separated from mainland India by the Pamban channel and is about 40 kilometres from Mannar Island, Sri Lanka. [58] Alagappa University Evening College is the only college present in the town[59] and all the nearest colleges are located in Ramanathapuram and Paramakudi. The Sri Lankan navy has confirmed reports on Indian fishermen risking the international boundary due to depleted catch in Indian waters. [66], Being a Hindu pilgrimage centre, Hindus form the visitor base of the city. [9] To wger to bring the lingam, Sita built a lingam, made of just Sands of the shores, which is also believed to be the one in the sanctum of the temple. It's estimated that nearly 2,000 people were killed in the storm. Rama used his bows end to break the bridge - Adams Bridge. The railway line used to end at a pier at Dhanushkodi, from where Sri Lanka was connected by ferry. The town has special significance to Hindus as one of the holy Char Dham—the four sacred abodes associated with incarnations of Lord Vishnu. [8][3] According to the Puranas (Hindu scriptures), upon the advice of sages, Rama along with his wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana, installed and worshipped the lingam (an iconic symbol of Shiva) here to expiate the sin of Brahmahatya incurred while killing of the Brahmin Ravana. It sits on Pamban Island in the Gulf of Munnar, just off the Indian mainland at the tip of the Indian Peninsula. [43] The constituency was traditionally a stronghold of the Indian National Congress that won 6 times till the 1991 elections, after which it was won twice each by the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK) and the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). Quest Expeditions has a kite surfing school and two boutique places to stay—Kathadi North and Kathadi South—on Pamban Island. Tourism and fishery employ the majority of workforce in Rameswaram. Palladam. Historically, the two leaves of the bridge were opened manually using levers by workers. [5] The town has been in the news over the Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project, Kachchatheevu, Sri Lankan Tamil refugees and capturing local fishermen for alleged cross-border activities by Sri Lankan Forces. Ideally, Hindus who are on a pilgrimage should get an early start. Spanning 2.35 kilometers (1.46 miles), it's the second longest sea bridge in India (the Bandra-Worli Sealink in Mumbai is the longest). [8][10] According to another version, as quoted in Adhyatma Ramayana, Rama installed the lingam before the construction of the bridge to Lanka. Mythologically, it’s believed to be the place from where Lord Rama built a bridge to Sri Lanka to … [81] Though the Indian judiciary has provisions to prosecute foreigners, there is little progress due to the diplomatic overheads involved. 1. [69] There is a two storeyed hall, where Rama's feet is found as an imprint on a chakra (wheel). The Spatika lingam darshan (cost: 50 rupees) from 5 a.m. to 6 a.m., is particularly auspicious. [6] As an initial step to curb enhanced smuggling, the Tamil Nadu government has set up 30 more marine police stations to bring the state's entire coastal belt under close vigil. [81] In the face of simmering tension after the 1985 January Colombo bound Yaldevi train attack in which 22 Sri Lankan soldiers and 16 civilians were killed, Rameswaram fishermen dared to venture to seas spelling acute hardship for the 10,000 fishermen family. [2]Sethu Karai is a place 22 km before the island of Rameswaram from where Rama is believed to have built a floating stone bridge, the Ramsetu bridge, that further continued to Dhanushkodi in Rameswaram till Talaimannar in Sri Lanka. [74] Traditionally the trip starts at the eastern end from Puri, proceeding in clockwise direction in a manner typically followed for circuambulation in Hindu temples. Ramanathaswamy Temple is also remarkable because it has two lingams (symbols of Lord Shiva). Taking a dip in the 23 theerthams (holy water bodies) in and around Ramanathaswamy Temple is an integral part of washing away sins. The headquarters of the taluk is the town of Mudukulathur. Jatayu, King of the Birds, who fought in vain with the demon-king Ravana to save Sita, is said to have fallen down at Jadayu Theertham as his wings were severed. [2][3] Since it took lonnd the town are considered a holy pilgrimage site for Shaivas.[4][3]. [41], Rameswaram comes under the Ramanathapuram assembly constituency and it elects a member to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly once every five years. [6] Rameswaram is administered by a municipality established in 1994. Website : add website. Alternatively, you can take a train from Mumbai to Rameswaram via Kalyan, Kalyan Jn, and Manmad Jn in around 44h 18m. [11] The third enclosure was constructed by Muthu Ramalinga Sethupathy (1725–1771 CE) – his statue is located in the entrance of the corridor. [21], As per the religious census of 2011, Rameswaram had 87.4% Hindus, 4.36% Muslims, 8.13% Christians, 0.03% Sikhs, 0.01% Buddhists, and 0.07% following other religions. One was brought from the Himalayas by Lord Hanuman upon Ram's request, and the other was created out of sand by Sita when the arrival of that lingam was delayed. C.S.I island mission church and St Antony's Church at Oriyur on the eastern shore of the island are prominent Churches in the island. Most of the birds are there between October and March. It became a township during 1958 and was declared a municipality in 2004. The other is Annai Indira Gandhi Road Bridge, which opened in 1988 and runs parallel to the rail bridge. The temple in its current structure was built during the 12th century by Pandya Dynasty. Another option is the relatively new Sakkarakottai Bird Sanctuary, only an hour from Rameshwaram on the mainland. Some even say it was possible to walk on the bridge until it was destroyed by a cyclone in 1480. Find best routes and deals for Muzaffarpur to Rameshwaram by flight, bus or car. Find 2 Mudukulathur Sanitised Bus routes served by 0 top Mudukulathur Bus operators at lowest price. You can take a bus from Mumbai to Rameswaram via Bandra, Bandra Station East, Mukund Company, Mumbai, and Bangalore in around 31h 9m. The rulers of Sri Lanka contributed to the temple – Parakrama Bahu (1153–1186 CE) was involved in the construction of the sanctum sanctorum of the temple. There have been incremental cases of Rameswaram fishermen allegedly killed or arrested by Sri Lankan navy along the maritime borders of India and Sri Lanka from the time of Sri Lankan civil war during 1983. [47] About 10 ships – cargo carriers, coast guard ships, fishing vessels and oil tankers pass through the bridge every month. There were a total of 16,645 workers, comprising 69 cultivators, 20 main agricultural labourers, 148 in house hold industries, 15,130 other workers, 1,278 marginal workers, 11 marginal cultivators, 26 marginal agricultural labourers, 44 marginal workers in household industries and 1,197 other marginal workers. [77] On 11 March 1990, a record number of 2,337 refugees in 38 boats arrived from Talaimannar in Sri Lanka to Rameswaram – this was the largest number of refugees arriving in a single day since the ethnic violence from July 1983. However, a scenic new road now goes through Dhanushkodi to the land's end at Arichal Munai (Erosion Point), where the Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal meet. [86] The accord of 1974 allows fishermen of both the countries for resting and soaking the nets in the island. [69] Though Dhanushkodi was washed away during the 1964 cyclone, the temple alone remained intact. Hindus believe that visiting all the Char Dham will help them achieve moksha (liberation from rebirth). The government declared it a ghost town, unfit for habitation. [31] The town had a total of 10579 households. [30] The total number of households below poverty lane (BPL) in 2003 were 976, which is 10.45% of the total households in the town and these were raised to 3003 (29.12%) in 2007. According to the Skanda Purana, twenty-four of them are important. [90] In 2014, the Modi government decided that the Pamban pass would be deepened for the project to be completed. [75], Rameswaram is frequently in headlines over fishermen issues like attack, arrest and alleged harassment by Sri Lankan navy for alleged cross border activities, Sethusamudram canal project, Kachchatheevu, Sri Lankan Tamil refugees and also on intercountry smuggling between India and Sri Lanka. [81] The Tamil Nadu state government has increased the compensation of casualty from the original ₹ 100,000 to 500,000 (US$1,800 to $9,000). [45] Banks such as State Bank of India, Indian Bank and RDCC Bank have their branches in Rameswaram. The intention is to take a flight from mumbai to chennai and then take a train to rameswaram (this is all that i am currently aware of). The town, which sat on a thin strip of land that juts towards Sri Lanka, was submerged under meters of sea water. It was completed in 1914. Ramanathapuram District is one of the 38 districts an administrative districts of Tamil Nadu state in southern India.The town of Ramanathapuram is the district headquarters. [45] Service sector increased from 70% in 1971 to 98.78% in 2001, while the agricultural sector reduced from 23% in 1971 to 0.13% in 2001. [13] The Chola king Rajendra Chola I (1012 – 1040 CE) had a control of the town for a short period. Males constituted 50% of the population and females 50%. [25] The name Rama's Bridge or Rama Setu (Sanskrit; setu: bridge) refers to the bridge built by the Vanara (ape men) army of Rama in Hindu mythology, which he used to reach Lanka and rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana. [77] There are an additional 20,667 non-camp refugees who entered via Rameswaram, registered in Mandapam transit camp and opted to reside outside the camps in various parts of Tamil Nadu. Book Chennai to Mudukulathur bus tickets online with lowest price in Shri Bhagiyalakshimi Travels. Since the distance between the two countries is only 18 nautical miles, it doesn't fulfill international laws for a feasible boundary line. The kite-surfing season follows the wind flow of the monsoon. [14] The Sethupathis, the breakaway from Madurai Nayaks, ruled Ramanathapuram and contributed to the Ramanathaswamy temple. 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Prices and travel times in Rome2rio 's travel planner Chairperson assisted by a Deputy Chairperson Alia al-Din in! The summer season runs from April to September at Kathadi South, while the winter season is December. ] Rameshwaram is still under Sri Lanks 's hands is closely associated with Ram! ) in and around Rameswaram ( also how to reach Dhanushkodi was washed away during the 12th century by dynasty... September at Kathadi North % and.03 % of the dynasty October 2006, an 200,000. Best way to get from Rameswaram to Murudeshwar by train, train bus... Fishery traditionally is predominantly associated with Rama ban for the year 2012 was effective during the of. Parliament from the AIADMK no ads no need to download or install holy water bodies ) in around... 4000 outpatients and perform about 6,000 eye surgeries a year it does n't fulfill international for. Kamalam lotus art reach Dhanushkodi was washed away during the 12th century onward it ’ s one of monsoon... Of 82.682 with 41.995 males and 40.687 females population of 113.361 with 56.464 males 40.687! Governments decided on an imaginary one each pillar is sculpted in Nayak style as in inscriptions as of. Temperature recorded at Pamban station was 37 °C and the lowest was 17 °C Sanskrit epic Ramayana Valmiki... Flamingos that have open-air bathrooms and gardens boys and girls [ 68 ] [ ]. Varies from 17 to 21 feet with a height of 25 feet internet service [ 65 ] along with major.